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THE NATIONAL MEMORIAL CELLULAR JAIL

  • The National Memorial Cellular Jail :

The cellular jail is first sight that greets a visitors on his arrival at port Blair. The huge building insist terror in the minds of the onlooker and a sense of reverence . Every cell of the jail tells a heart reading story. The story of sufferings, sacrifices and indomitable spirit of resistance. Each of the 698 cell measured 4.1 m by 2.1 m ( 13 ½ feet by 7 feet) and had door with iron greeting in the front. A 3 feet by 1 feet ventilator, nearly 3 m (10 feet) high from the door was provide to each cell.

cellular jail national memorial

Andaman & Nicobar islands have became a Holy place for all freedom fighters. So, soon after the attainment of Independence. “Andaman Mukhti Teerthi” a publication was brought out by the Andaman political prisoners, after the visit of some of them to these Islands.

The association also took up the issue of preserving the cellular jail as a National memorial with the Govt. of India. The govt. of india accepting this proposal agreed to preserved the gaunt severity of the jail. The late prime minister, ‘Smti. Indra Gandhi’ after her first visit to the island in 1968 remarked that Andaman & nicobar islands as being among the most beautiful regions of the country emphasising that ‘these islands have in face been a nursery of some of our great revolutionaries’. It is here appropriately that an India govt. hoisted the National Flag before the rest the country became free.

In the cellular jail museum are now exhibited more than 200 photograph of all freedom fighters, who in the jail.

cellular jail light and sound program

During the 2nd world war, the Japanese occupied the island in march 1942 Netaji Subash Chandra Bose the head of the indian national army, visited the island in December 1943, when October 1945, the island were reoccupied by the British.

The penal settlement was abolished any many of the prisoners were repatriated to the mainland. Dr. R.C majumdar in penal settlement in Andaman, says that port blair was occupied by the Japanese Army on march 23, 1942 and netaji arrived in Andaman on December 31, 1943. The respective dates are march 21, 1942 and December 29, 1943 according to the report the estimate committee.

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Andaman Sonnet Holidays

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Natural Attraction

Climates:

Climate is a factor that vitally affects tourism industry particularly in A & N Islands.. The best climate/season to visit A & N Islands is from October to may. Approximately, these islands get rainfall for a minimum of five months and a maximum of six months. The south west monsoons commence in beginning of May and continue till mid-October. Then, from mid-October, north east monsoon starts and continues till the mid December. When compared with south west monsoon, north east monsoon brings less rain. The period between January and April is full of sunlight and warmth. Foreign tourists like this climate and during this season/climate, the foreigners enjoy sunbath on the sea shore for some time and they go for sea bath. Of course, the Indian tourists like the climate of cloud-less sunlight, pleasant cool weather which prevails generally during the time between Octobers to December. During the period, the tourists need not worry about rain; weather is very pleasant, cool breeze blows and sea remains very calm. Visiting Inter islands by boat/ship during this season/climate is really wonderful. Tourists can witness the friendly fish (human brained), dolphins coming in group and their beautiful swimming, jumping and other naughty activities they accompany the boat to some distance.

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Scenic Beauty:

The hills, ups and downs of these Islands carry greater part of the scenic beauty. They have superlatives, peaks, swifts, living species of plants and birds and animals like crabs. The golden sandy beaches, sparkling crystal clear sea, surrounded by beautiful mangrove forests, thick rainy forests are the nature’s gift to these islands. Once a tourist goes into the forest (not reserved one) he will forget himself and can enjoy the taste of peace. The coral reefs, underwater marine life, multicolour fishes, seaweed’s plants and flowers make these islands as dreamland and facility is provided by administration as a way to reach this dreamland. Tourists from different parts of the country enjoy the scenic beauty of the lush green forests.

    

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  Another attraction of the place lies with its creeks and sanctuaries. Travelling through the creeks, surrounded by the thick mangrove forests, really make the tourists happy and cheerful. These creeks are suitably located for film shooting. The scenic views from one end to another with some Island/Islands are background has its own beauty, which cannot be seen elsewhere in world. As a resource, this scenic resource (natural resource) has not at all been touched for exploitation for any commercially productive purposes. This area is open to the researchers as well.

 

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The important creeks are:

  1. Wright Myo in South Andaman
  2. Baratang in South Andaman
  3. Uttara in Middle Andaman
  4. Yeratta in Middle Andaman
  5. Kalighat in North Andaman
  6. Parangara in North Andaman

 

Next to the creeks, sanctuaries draw a lot of tourists. Sanctuaries are vital for preservation of its fragile eco-system. In A & N Islands there are 94 sanctuaries. Some sanctuaries are inhabited and the other uninhabited. The songs of different birds, beauty of their structure, their way of life which can be seen in these sanctuaries is all really worth watching.

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